The main United States oil industry lobby group, the American Petroleum Institute (API), is considering throwing its weight behind putting a price on carbon emissions – a move that would mark a major shift after years of the API resisting mandatory government climate policies, a source familiar with the decision-making said.
The API, which includes most of the world’s biggest oil companies, is weighing whether to endorse carbon pricing “among other policy solutions to reduce emissions and reach the ambitions of the Paris Agreement”, the source said, confirming a report about the policy shift by The Wall Street Journal.
The API has been forced to confront its resistance to regulatory action on climate change. A few of its European members left the lobby group due to disagreements over its climate policies and support for easing drilling regulations, and the administration of US President Joe Biden is pursuing a policy agenda that would shift the US off of fossil fuels.
A draft statement of the policy shift reviewed by The Wall Street Journal said the group does not endorse a specific carbon pricing tool such as a tax on carbon emissions or an emissions trading scheme. The source said, however, that the group’s State of American Energy report released in January was supportive of a market-based carbon pricing policy.
The API did not comment on whether or when the group would formally endorse a price on carbon, but said it has been working for nearly a year on an industry-wide response to climate change.
“Our efforts are focused on supporting a new US contribution to the global Paris Agreement,” said API spokeswoman Megan Bloomgren.
Within API, there has been a widening rift between Europe’s top energy companies, which over the past year accelerated plans to cut emissions and build large renewable energy businesses, and their US rivals ExxonMobil Corp and Chevron Corp, which have largely resisted growing investor pressure to diversify.
Other major industry groups like the Business Roundtable, of which Chevron is a member, over the last year have endorsed market-based carbon pricing.