Kosovo’s uncertain future

Despite court ruling, Kosovo still faces a battle to join international organistations

Kosovo's national flag represents the European hopes of the government in Pristina [Reuters]
Kosovo's national flag represents the European hopes of the government in Pristina [Reuters]

Until it acheives further recognition, Kosovo must wait in an international limbo in which activities taken for granted by most other countries are kept beyond the country’s reach.

The national football team is yet to play its first competitive match, and athletes are training for the 2012 Olympic games more in hope than expectation. 


Kosovo’s distinctive flag, the winner of an open competition run by the government in the run-up to the independence declaration, reflects the aspirations currently sustaining the majority ethnic Albanian population.

With a golden map crowned with stars on a royal blue background, the flag is strikingly similar to that of the European Union, an international organisation that Kosovo hopes one day to join.

“”There is no dilemma anymore, even for the people of Serbia and the government of Serbia”

Hajredin Kuqi,
Kosovo’s deputy PM

That day is still a long way off. Before serious membership negotiations – themselves a tortuously lengthy process – can begin, the EU will have to agree that Kosovo is, in fact, a country.

At present 22 of the 27 EU member states have recognised Kosovo’s independence, with Cyprus, Slovakia, Romania, Greece and Spain refusing to do so.

Kosovo insists that in light of the new ICJ ruling such states should reverse their positions and recognise their state.

“There is no dilemma anymore, even for the people of Serbia and the government of Serbia,” Hajredin Kuqi, Kosovo’s deputy prime minister, says. 

Not everyone agrees.

On Friday, the Slovakian defence minister said his country’s position on Kosovo’s independence was not subject to change and Spain said only that it would “respect” the ruling, not that it would recognise Kosovo. 

Catherine Ashton, the EU foreign policy chief, says the future of both Kosovo and Serbia lies within the EU, and offered to oversee dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina aimed at resolving the issue.

Implacably opposed

But the two sides are as implacably opposed as they were on the day that they walked out of the negotiating room for the last time before Kosovo’s declaration came.

“We need to support each other for EU integration,” Kuqi admit, saying the government of Serbia has peddled “myths” to its people about Kosovo and should now “move forward.”  

Membership of the UN anytime soon looks almost as remote as EU accession; there are 123 UN members that do not recognise Kosovo.

Amongst them are two powerful permanant members of the UN Security Council, Russia and China, as well as a host of emerging regional powerhouses, including Brazil, India and Venezuela.

Persuading them to accept Kosovo’s indepence will be no easy feat.

Russia has already said it will ignore the ICJ ruling and maintain its refusal to treat Kosovo as a state and if the 21st century belongs, as many predict, to the BRIC nations, Kosovo’s future does not look as secure as many in Pristina would like.

With the court’s decision in its favour, Kosovo says it will push on regardless of its opponants, approaching coutries on an individual basis in a bid to establish bilateral ties and seeking eventual membership of international organisations. 
“We will start to apply for membership to the UN, and we’ll start to apply for other international organisations,” Kuqi insists.

In the mean time, Kosovo can only wait and see what impact the ICJ ruling has on its quest for international recognition. 

Pristina’s declaration of independence has been declared legal; the question now is whether Kosovo can persuade its doubters to legitimise it.  

Source: Al Jazeera

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