NATO soldiers and EU police secured polling stations in the Kosovo town of Mitrovica as an election central to a Western-sponsored plan to end the country’s ethnic partition took place.
Voting appeared to be very slow in the early hours, after polls opened at 7:00am (06:00 GMT) on Sunday. Besides NATO peacekeepers and armed EU police officers, dozens of so-called “civil protection” officers, part of an ad hoc public order force on the payroll of the Serbian state, milled around polling stations.
Some 23,000 people, the vast majority of them Serbs, were eligible to vote in the re-run, at three locations on the mainly Serb northern side of Mitrovica, a former mining town split largely between Serbs and Albanians since Kosovo’s 1998-99 war.
Masked men lobbing tear gas halted voting in Mitrovica two weeks ago, during a municipal election held for the first time in a northern, mainly Serb pocket of majority-Albanian Kosovo.
|Kosovo re-runs poll amid tight security|
Ethnic Serb participation is central to an EU-brokered accord between Serbia and Kosovo aimed at integrating the mainly Serb north with the rest of Kosovo, more than five years since the former Serbian province declared independence.
The EU wants to see a peaceful and orderly vote that will elect a local council that will operate under Kosovo law, an outcome that local Serbs say will result in discrimination.
For years the north has functioned in a legal limbo, part of Kosovo but de facto under the control of Serbia in defiance of Kosovo’s NATO and European Union overseers.
Serbia in April agreed to recognise Kosovo’s legal authority over the north in exchange for accession talks with the EU, expected to begin in January.
Voters have been subjected to weeks of open intimidation by Serb hardliners trying to thwart the election, and intense pressure from Belgrade to take part and give legitimacy to the EU accord.
“I was called on Friday night and told that, as someone on welfare, they’d be giving out sugar, oil and a bit of money sent by the state so that I would vote for the government candidate,” said Vesna Cosic, a pregnant unemployed Serb woman in north Mitrovica.
“Then they started to threaten. ‘If you don’t come on Sunday, we’ll take you off welfare’,” Cosic said. “I don’t sell out for anyone, and certainly not for a few kilos of welfare.”
‘Pressure to vote’
The directors of some state institutions and firms in north Mitrovica have openly called on their employees to vote.
“This kind of pressure wasn’t even seen under [the late Slobodan] Milosevic,” said Oliver Ivanovic, a Mitrovica mayoral candidate running against Belgrade’s favourite for the post, Krstimir Pantic.
Almost 15 years since NATO went to war to halt the killing and expulsion of Kosovo Albanians by Serbian forces during a two-year counterinsurgency war, foreign powers are still trying to
rein in the north.
Continued instability in the region has frustrated NATO’s hopes of further cutting back its presence from the current 6,000 soldiers it has in Kosovo.