Sudan invites Ethiopia, Egypt to Nile Dam summit

Egypt regards the dam as an existential threat to its water supplies, while Khartoum fears its own dams would be harmed.

Ever since the construction began on the $4.6bn dam in 2011, Egypt - which depends on the Nile for about 97 percent of its irrigation and drinking water - has regarded the dam as an existential threat to its water supplies [File: Tiksa Negeri/Reuters]
Ever since the construction began on the $4.6bn dam in 2011, Egypt - which depends on the Nile for about 97 percent of its irrigation and drinking water - has regarded the dam as an existential threat to its water supplies [File: Tiksa Negeri/Reuters]

Sudan’s prime minister has invited his Egyptian and Ethiopian counterparts to a closed-door meeting to discuss the long-running dispute over Addis Ababa’s mega-dam on the Blue Nile, his office said.

Last week, talks involving the three countries hosted by the African Union chair, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), failed to reach a binding agreement over the operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and the filling of its vast reservoir.

Ever since the construction began on the $4.6bn dam in 2011, Egypt – which depends on the Nile for about 97 percent of its irrigation and drinking water – has regarded the dam as an existential threat to its water supplies, while Khartoum fears its own dams would be harmed if Ethiopia fills the reservoir without a deal.

“Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok invited his Egyptian counterpart Mostafa Madbouli and Ethiopian counterpart Abiy Ahmed to a summit within 10 days to evaluate the negotiations regarding GERD,” the prime minister’s office said in a statement late on Tuesday.

The Blue Nile River is seen as the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam reservoir fills near the Ethiopia-Sudan border, in this broad spectral image taken November 6, 2020 [NASA/METI/AIST/Japan Space Systems via Reuters]
It said Hamdok expressed concern the dam’s construction had reached an advanced stage, making “reaching a deal before the start of operation an urgent and pressing matter”.

The statement said the planned summit will be held by videoconference.

Last week, Ethiopia offered to share data with Egypt and Sudan, but the proposal was rejected by Khartoum and Cairo which complained of “fallacies” in the figures and an “unacceptable tendency” by Addis Ababa to take unilateral steps.

Ethiopia insists the power produced by the huge hydroelectric project is indispensable for its development.

But Egypt and Sudan have been pushing for a binding agreement before Ethiopia completes the filling of the dam’s vast reservoir which it began last year.

The tensions over the dam come as Sudan’s relations with Egypt warm while its relations with Ethiopia have been hit by a dispute over the use of farmland near the common border.

Source: AFP

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